Essay on Unemployment

Essay on Unemployment: We are here to share with you an essay on unemployment for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,10,11 & 12 students. Unemployment means the number of individuals in the state is finding jobs for which they are fit, and they are willing too, but not getting that.

Essay on Unemployment

Latest Essay on Unemployment for School Students.

Essay on Unemployment | 100 Words


Unemployment means the number of individuals in the state is finding jobs for which they are fit, and they are willing too, but not getting that.

Or simply a person is willing for a paid job or searching for one.

And the country which has several people willing for the job is called Unemploy Country.

Unemployment indirectly affects the economic growth of the country as it does not only transform any individual but the society and the nation.

The particular age group of unemployment is almost 15 to 64.

Slow economic growth, industrial growth is also the primary reason for unemployment.

Unemployment indirectly increases the poverty and lack of resources as the country or the person does not have enough money to buy, and it also gives wings to criminal activities.

This can be controlled by increasing self-employment and industrialization.

Essay on Unemployment | 200 Words


Unemployment means the numbers of individuals in the state are finding jobs for which they are fit, and they are willing too, but not getting that.

Or simply a person is willing for a paid job or searching for one.

It is a curse to the society and decreases the economic growth of the country.

The particular age group of unemployment is almost 15 to 64.

Rapidly increasing population is one of the most affecting factors of unemployment.

Slow economic growth, industrial growth is also the main reason for unemployment.

Unemployment leads to an increase in poverty and set back the economic growth of the country.

Unemployment also misguides or make our youth helpless to do criminal activities.

The migration of people from rural to urban areas for the search of the job also affects it. As the demand for jobs is high and the number of posts is less.

Unemployment is also a reason for our youth is getting addicted to drugs. Due to lack of a job, they get addicted to drugs, alcohol, and may even get into criminal activities.

The government, as well as the society or we, should focus on population control and make people aware of its ill effects, long-time advantages and ways to control which help the government to provide jobs to needy ones if there are some limited members.

And our education should also be upgraded as it mainly focuses on practical aspects of learning, should offer the vocational course and with that indirectly it will give the job to teachers.

Essay on Unemployment | 300 Words


Unemployment means the numbers of individuals in the state are finding jobs for which they are fit, and they are willing too, but not getting that.

Or simply a person is willing for a paid job or searching for one.

It is a curse to the society and decreases the economic growth of the country.

The particular age group of unemployment is almost 15 to 64.

Rapidly increasing population is one of the most affecting factors of unemployment.

Slow economic growth, industrial growth is also the main reason for unemployment.

Unemployment leads to an increase in poverty and set back the economic growth of the country.

The women’s unemployment rate is higher in rural areas than in urban sectors of the country.

Unemployment also misguides or make our youth helpless to do criminal activities.

The migration of people from rural to urban areas for the search of the job also affects it. As the demand for jobs is high and the number of posts is less.

Unemployment is also a reason for our youth is getting addicted to drugs. Due to lack of a job, they get addicted to drugs, alcohol, and may even get into criminal activities.

The government, as well as the society or we, should focus on population control and make people aware of its ill effects, long-time advantages and ways to control which help the government to provide jobs to needy ones if there are some limited members.

Agriculture is the backbone of our economy.

Agriculture in India is not developed enough to accommodate all the unemployed youth. Our agriculture is still dependent on old and traditional ways of farming.

And our education should also be upgraded as it mainly focuses on practical aspects of learning, should offer the vocational course and with that indirectly it will give the job to teachers.

Essay on Unemployment | 500 Words


Introduction

Unemployment is on the rise and increasing much.

It is one of the most significant problems in our society.

Unemployment is a grave problem before our government and planners.

And as the number of institutions exceeding and growing popularity of education, the problem is becoming more severe day by day.

Agriculture in India For The Economy of Country

India is an agricultural country.

Agriculture is the backbone of our economy.

Agriculture in India is not developed enough to accommodate all the unemployed youth. Our agriculture is still dependent on old and traditional ways of farming.

Reason for Unemployment in Past Years

The use of technology is not very popular in India unless agriculture is modernized with the latest scientific methods; it cannot provide bread and butter to all the rural youth.

They will continue to seek employment outside the bounds of their hereditary profession.

The women’s unemployment rate is higher in rural areas than in urban sectors of the country.

Experts fear that at present, India is experiencing a jobless growth with not enough jobs being created for its working age (15-64 years) population.

Types of Unemployment

The most accepted classification of Unemployment recognizes two broad classes: Voluntary and Involuntary Unemployment.

• Voluntary Unemployment – It arises when an individual is not under any employment out of his desire, not to work.

• Involuntary Unemployment – It encircles all those factors that prevent a physically fit individual willing to work from getting an appointment. Involuntary Unemployment is further categorized into subheads:

1. Structural
2. Regional
3. Seasonal
4. Technological
5. Frictional
6. Educated
7. Casual
8. Cyclical
9. Disguised

Causes of Unemployment

Unemployment is a reason for alarming concern in India today. The root of the problem can be traced to a host of reasons that contributes collectively to this problem.

(1) Economic Growth
(2) Education
(3) Population Growth
(4) Faulty Employment
(5) The Drawback of Agriculture Infrastructure
(6) Slow Industrialization
(7) Immobility of Labour

Solution For the Reduction of Unemployment

Collective efforts directed by the Government as well as citizens towards the following points might help decrease the problem of unemployment in the country.

1. Increased Industrialization – One of the most sure-shot remedies of the unemployment situation in India is rapid industrialization.

2. Emphasis on Vocational and Technical Training – The curriculum pursued in universities should be altered to focus more on practical aspects of learning.

3. Encouraging Self-employment – Self-employment should be encouraged more with the introduction of liability-free loans and government assistance for funding.

4. Improved Infrastructure in Agriculture – Time has come for the entire agricultural infrastructure in the country to undergo a severe overhaul.

5. Inviting Larger Capital Investments – Although India’s economic market is seeing increased investments from overseas (Foreign) investors owing to its cheap labor costs.

6. Focused Policy Implementation – Subsequent policies have focused on issues like poverty and unemployment, but the implementation leaves a lot to be desired. Schemes like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and Rajiv Gandhi Swavlamban Rozgar Yojna are examples of the initiatives that the government has undertaken to address the unemployment problem in India.

Conclusion

The problem of unemployment in the country has persisted for long.

While the government has launched several programs for employment generation, desirable progress has not been achieved.

The policy-makers and citizens should make collective efforts to create more jobs as well as acquiring the right skill-set for employability.

Essay on Unemployment | 1500 Words


Introduction

Unemployment is on the rise and increasing much.

It is one of the most significant problems in our society.

After the students come out of the schools and colleges, what should they do? This is a big question before them.

There are no jobs for millions of youth that are pouring out of educational institutions every year.

Unemployment is a grave problem before our government and planners.

They try to provide jobs to more and more people, but the demand exceeds far more than the supply.

And as the number of institutions exceeding and growing popularity of education, the problem is becoming more severe day by day.

Agriculture in India For The Economy of Country

India is an agricultural country.

Agriculture is the backbone of our economy.

Agriculture in India is not developed enough to accommodate all the unemployed youth. Our agriculture is still dependent on old and traditional ways of farming.

Reason for Unemployment in Past Years

The use of technology is not very popular in India unless agriculture is modernized with the latest scientific methods; it cannot provide bread and butter to all the rural youth.

They will continue to seek employment outside the bounds of their hereditary profession.

Unemployment casts some short term ripples throughout the economy by reducing an individual’s contribution in terms of services and taxes.

The unemployed also does not possess the power of purchase, thus, in effect, contributing to bringing down demand for goods in the market and creating more unemployment.

This vicious cycle creates a cascading effect throughout the economy and trickles down to different social strata. India has a population of about 1.3 billion in the year 2016 as 1.37 billion as in the present (2019).

According to a recent United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report, from 1991 to 2013, the Indian economy has experienced maximum growth. Yet, less than half the number of Indians seeking jobs have managed to land one during this period.

State-wise figures reveal that Tripura has the highest unemployment rate in the country at 19.7%, while Gujarat had the lowest at 0.9% in 2015-2016.

And on the other hand, the unemployment rate is higher among women at 8.7 percent versus 4.3% among men.

The women’s unemployment rate is higher in rural areas than in urban sectors of the country.

Experts fear that at present, India is experiencing a jobless growth with not enough jobs being created for its working age (15-64 years) population.

Types of Unemployment

The most accepted classification of Unemployment recognizes two broad classes: Voluntary and Involuntary Unemployment.

• Voluntary Unemployment – It arises when an individual is not under any employment out of his desire, not to work. It could be from their total apprehension towards the concept itself, or it may be that an individual is unable to find work paying his desired wages, and he doesn’t want to settle.

• Involuntary Unemployment – It encircles all those factors that prevent a physically fit individual willing to work from getting an appointment. According to John Maynard Keynes, “involuntary unemployment arises due to insufficiency of effective demand which can be solved by stepping up aggregate demand through government intervention.” Involuntary Unemployment is further categorized into subheads:

1. Structural – Such employment stems from any fundamental change in the economy that leads to the decline of specific industries. Long term changes in the market conditions, reorganization of the same, and sudden changes in the technological sector create a Skill Gap in the existing workers.

2. Regional – Globalization, and relocation of jobs also lead to unemployment as workers are often unable to move to the new location, where the employers currently hold positions. And many youngsters also can’t go far from their town.

3. Seasonal – In some industries, production activities are season based, and employment occurs only in peak seasons. Agro-based industries, catering services, and tourism industries are examples of this form of unemployment.

4. Technological – This type of unemployment is either generated following the introduction of technologically advanced mechanization that renders manual labor unnecessary.

5. Frictional – This type of unemployment occurs when the worker is either transitioning between jobs or is trying to find a job more suitable for their skill set. Friction is generally referred to as the time, energy, and cost that a person invests while searching for a new job.

6. Educated – This form of unemployment happens when people with advanced degrees are unable to reap or realize a work that is suited to their level of training.

7. Casual – Some occupations can only offer temporary employment to individuals, and their work is subject to termination as soon as the demand subsides. Daily laborers who work on a day-to-day basis are examples of such types of unemployment.

8. Cyclical – This type of unemployment refers to the periodic cycle of unemployment associated with cyclical trends of growth in business. Unemployment is low when business cycles are at their peak and high when the gross economic output is low.

9. Disguised – This is a scenario when more people are employed in a job than is required for it. This is the hallmark of developing economies where the availability of labor is abundant. It is primarily a feature of the agricultural and unorganized sectors.

Causes of Unemployment

Unemployment is a reason for alarming concern in India today. The root of the problem can be traced to a host of reasons that contributes collectively to this problem.

(1) Economic Growth without adequate employment opportunities, India’s GDP projections for the year 2017 are 7.5%. Still, that growth does not currently translate into creating more employment opportunities for the labor force of the country.

(2) Education Although literacy rates have risen in the last few decades, there remains a fundamental flaw in the education system in India. The curriculum is mostly theory-oriented and fails to provide vocational training required to match up with the current economic environment of the market.

(3) Population Growth Rapid growth of population has often been labeled as the primary reason for increasing unemployment in the country. Current survey data revealed that at the all-India level, 77% of families do not have a regular salaried person.

(4) Faulty Employment Planning The five-year plans implemented by the government have not contributed proportionately towards the generation of employment. The assumption was that growth in the economy would automatically generate enough work.

(5) The Drawback of Agriculture Infrastructure According to current statistics, agriculture remains the biggest employer in the country, contributing to 51% of jobs. But ironically, the sector provides a significant 12-13% of the country’s GDP.

(6) Slow Industrialization The industrial scenario in India, is still reluctant to flourish. Agriculture remains the biggest employer in the country.

(7) Lack of Investment Inadequacy of capital investment persists slowly in India, and that has been a critical contributor in not generating enough industry that, in turn, employs the labor force.

(8) Immobility of Labour One more factor that leads to unemployment is people not being interested in moving for jobs. Because of responsibility and attachment to family, language barriers, religion, and lack of transport are key contributing factors in this regard.

Solution For the Reduction of Unemployment

Collective efforts directed by the Government as well as citizens towards the following points might help decrease the problem of unemployment in the country.

1. Increased Industrialization – One of the most sure-shot remedies of the unemployment situation in India is rapid industrialization. An increased number of industries translates effectively into an increased number of employment opportunities.

2. Emphasis on Vocational and Technical Training – The curriculum pursued in universities should be altered to focus more on practical aspects of learning. More institutions need to be established that offer vocational courses that will translate directly into relevant jobs and indirectly give jobs to teachers who teach in schools.

3. Encouraging Self-employment – Self-employment should be encouraged more with the introduction of liability-free loans and government assistance for funding.

4. Improved Infrastructure in Agriculture – Time has come for the entire agricultural infrastructure in the country to undergo a severe overhaul. Better irrigation facilities, better farming equipment, spreading of knowledge regarding multiple crop rotation and crop management should be focused.

5. Inviting Larger Capital Investments – Although India’s economic market is seeing increased investments from overseas (Foreign) investors owing to its cheap labor costs. A lot more is still need to bridge the gap of unemployment.

6. Focused Policy Implementation – Subsequent policies have focused on issues like poverty and unemployment, but the implementation leaves a lot to be desired. Schemes like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and Rajiv Gandhi Swavlamban Rozgar Yojna are examples of the initiatives that the government has undertaken to address the unemployment problem in India. The recent Make in India initiative is another such step that has the heart in the right place. The government should seek to streamline its implementation strategies so that the benefit from such schemes would be maximized.

Conclusion

The problem of unemployment in the country has persisted for long.

While the government has launched several programs for employment generation, desirable progress has not been achieved.

The policy-makers and citizens should make collective efforts to create more jobs as well as acquiring the right skill-set for employability.


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